Most eye floaters don’t need to be treated. While learning to cope with them costs some time and frustration, many people are able to ignore them more easily over time.
When floaters are so large or so numerous they impair your vision, your optometrist may recommend surgery or laser therapy to remove them.
Laser therapy for eye floaters
In laser therapy, your ophthalmologist aims a laser at the debris in your vitreous in order to break them up and make them smaller and less apparent.
Laser therapy for floaters is still experimental and not widely used. While some people see improvement after laser therapy, others see little to no difference, and the laser can damage the retina if it’s aimed incorrectly.
Surgery for eye floaters
Vitrectomy is a surgery where the vitreous in your eye is removed through a small incision, replacing it with a solution to maintain your eye shape. Your body naturally creates new vitreous that will gradually replace this solution. Vitrectomy doesn’t always remove eye floaters completely. New floaters can still form afterward, especially if the surgery itself causes bleeding and retinal tears.
While most floaters are harmless, the sudden onset of floaters and flashes can be an urgent warning sign from your eyes. Call your optometrist any time you experience sudden changes in your eye. Regular eye exams are also important for keeping you up to date on any changes.